# Containers¶

Containers are objects where you can put elements (texts, lists, tables, etc). There are 3 main containers, i.e. sections, headers, and footers. There are 3 elements that can also act as containers, i.e. textruns, table cells, and footnotes.

## Sections¶

Every visible element in word is placed inside of a section. To create a section, use the following code:

$section =$phpWord->addSection($sectionStyle);  The $sectionStyle is an optional associative array that sets the section. Example:



### Multicolumn¶

You can change a section layout to multicolumn (like in a newspaper) by using the breakType and colsNum style of the section.

// Method 1
$section =$phpWord->addSection(array('breakType' => 'continuous', 'colsNum' => 2));

// Method 2
$section =$phpWord->addSection();
$section->getStyle()->setBreakType('continuous');$section->getStyle()->setColsNum(2);


### Line numbering¶

You can apply line numbering to a section by using the lineNumbering style of the section.

// Method 1
$section =$phpWord->addSection(array('lineNumbering' => array()));

// Method 2
$section =$phpWord->addSection();
$section->getStyle()->setLineNumbering(array());  Below are the properties of the line numbering style. • start Line numbering starting value • increment Line number increments • distance Distance between text and line numbering in twip • restart Line numbering restart setting continuous|newPage|newSection ## Headers¶ Each section can have its own header reference. To create a header use the addHeader method: $header = $section->addHeader();  Be sure to save the result in a local object. You can use all elements that are available for the footer. See “Footer” section for detail. Additionally, only inside of the header reference you can add watermarks or background pictures. See “Watermarks” section. You can pass an optional parameter to specify where the header/footer should be applied, it can be • Footer::AUTO default, all pages except if overridden by first or even • Footer::FIRST each first page of the section • Footer::EVEN each even page of the section. Will only be applied if the evenAndOddHeaders is set to true in phpWord->settings To change the evenAndOddHeaders use the getSettings method to return the Settings object, and then call the setEvenAndOddHeaders method: ## Footers¶ Each section can have its own footer reference. To create a footer, use the addFooter method: $footer = \$section->addFooter();


Be sure to save the result in a local object to add elements to a footer. You can add the following elements to footers:

• Texts addText and createTextrun
• Text breaks
• Images
• Tables
• Preserve text

See the “Elements” section for the detail of each elements.

## Other containers¶

Textruns, table cells, and footnotes are elements that can also act as containers. See the corresponding “Elements” section for the detail of each elements.